🙂 Direct and indirect speech in the English language Free training certificates 🥇
Free training certificates : Reported Speech Free training certificates means the method of transmitting the speech that someone said to another person, whether this speech is written or heard, the method of presenting the spoken words of the person saying directly or indirectly is an important skill that must be acquired Free training certificates when speaking in the English language.
That might sound tough? But do not worry, it is simpler than you can imagine, the goal of the article is to learn how to transfer speech from one person to another. Free training certificates.
✅ Free training certificates The difference between direct and indirect speech 🤓
For example, you are three friends (you, Ali and Majid) and you dated to go to the café, for example, and when you called Majid to remind him of the time, he said that I am at work now, and you want to tell what Majid said to your friend on
Free training certificates In this situation you have two methods:
Free training certificates The first method: by transmitting speech directly without any change in it, where we put the speech of the person that we will transmit as it is without change.
Majid says “I am at work now”
Free training certificates The second method: It is the method of transmitted speech where we do not put or convey the speech of the person whose speech is to be transmitted to another person verbatim, but the time that he said is transferred to the past tense and thus the sentence becomes.
🤑 Free training certificates Majid said he is at work now. 🔥
This is simply what is meant by transmitted speech (direct and indirect speech), but how is it applied correctly in the English language, the subject of transmitted speech (direct and indirect) can be a source of confusion for the English language learner, but we can take a look at the difference between direct and indirect speech and how Convert the form of speech in the English language
Although this article mainly focuses on reported speech or utterance, it is really important to understand and know exactly how direct speech is written, in which direct expression refers to actual words spoken by the person directly
💥 Free training certificates Example: ✨
Transmitted Speech: Reported Speech
Usually transmitted or indirect speech is used to transfer speech from one person to another, and most often it is spoken in the past tense.
(Indirect speech) (Direct speech)
She said that she had seen him. She said, “I saw him.”
He said (that) john was angry.
He said (that) John was angry.
John is angry. John is angry
How to convert direct speech to indirect.
There are some steps to follow when converting direct to indirect speech
We mention the name of the person or we convert the verb to say
Say = say, say to = tell, said = said, said to = told
The parentheses are omitted and we put that (that is)
The appropriate person pronoun (Saying) is chosen, whether it is masculine, feminine, or plural
Transforming time into the past.
In times of quoted speech, pronouns and adverbs often change (but not always). How to convert tenses and pronouns will be shown to help you convert indirect speech.
Free training certificates Tenses transfer in indirect speech.
Shift to time
Past simple Present simple Simple present
Past continuous Present continuous Continuous
Past perfect Present perfect Present perfect
Past perfect Past simple Past simple
Past perfect, perfect past. Past perfect. Perfect past
🔥 Free training certificates Example: 😂
Free training certificates Reported Speech, Direct speech, Tense time
Tom told me that he liked coffee.
There are also some words that are converted as follows
Indirect speech reported speech
He said that he liked that. This
‘. He said, ‘I like this
He asked how much those were. These
He asked ‘How much are these
She shouted that it was there. Here
She shouted ‘Here it is
The child screamed that he wanted it then. Now
.’Screamed the child ‘I want it now
The previous day, the day before
.I was upset yesterday ,’t said Bill
The next day Fred promised that he would tell me the next day. Tomorrow
I will tell you tomorrow, ‘promised Fred
Free training certificates The T Rex said that it had happened long before. Ago
‘.It happened long ago,’ said the T Rex
Free training certificates In addition to converting these auxiliary verbs when converting to indirect speech as follows:
Must or had to Must / have to
might May / might
Ought to Ought to
Convert the interrogative sentence.
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Free training certificates : This month has been full of news, Free training certificates here are some of the most important English words you’ve come across.
Meme “memes” – You may know some examples Free training certificates of them even though you have not seen this word before. Have you Free training certificates seen a Harlem Shayk dance video before? If that; You saw a ‘meme’. In this article on the BBC Radio website; Memes are described as a “self-replicating Free training certificates trend on the Internet.” So; A ‘meme’ is something like a picture or video that people get copies of and share with each other on the Internet.
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To drop a lawsuit – that’s a great phrase that I found in this article on the Reuters website. It means to stop trying to fight another person in the courts. Conversely, ‘bring’ a lawsuit against someone. ”
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Retired – The Pope is retiring from one of the most famous jobs in the world. Retiring is when leaving a job to stop working permanently. When you reach the same age as the man; It sounds like a reasonable choice.
🤓 Did you come across these exciting Free training certificates words or expressions in the news this month? If that; Please let us know about it in the comments section below. ✅
Here she has learned the nouns, studied verbs, and knew everything about the order of speech, but sometimes there are phrases in English as slippery as an eel, “as slippery as an eel” [elusive elusive foxes]. If you are as slow as a tortoise; You may not be aware that the speaker is using similes.
An analogy is a metaphor in speech that directly combines two different things; This is usually by using the words like or as, and sometimes if / if and than. Animals are the preferred source of inspiration for similes, and many analogies have a kind of anthropomorphism – the imparting of human characteristics to animals.
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Some use physical features to describe personality. For example: as hungry as a wolf, as proud as a peacock, ‘as slippery as an eel’. Some of them go back to religious origins, such as: as innocent as a lamb, or as poor as a church mouse. Some of them use rhyme for the purpose of emphasis. For example: as drunk as a skunk or as fat as a cat.
If the analogy is appropriate; The meaning must be clear. For example: ‘as slow as a tortoise’ gives meaning because turtles are known to move slowly. And the fox flamed quietly to catch a chicken; Hence the metaphor as cunning as a fox became a popular analogy. On the other side; As for the ‘drunk as a skunk’; We find the sound that makes the phrase meaningful.
Sometimes the meaning takes a little more side, Free training certificates such as: like a cat on a hot tin roof. Most cats are known to love warm places to sleep in – but in this case, the analogy means someone who is nervous or does not stop jumping as if they were walking on a hot surface.
Metaphor is more complex than simile. Instead of saying Free training certificates that something is like an animal – you say metaphorically [eloquent analogy] that the thing is an animal. One of the strangest metaphors we usually see in the English language is the phrase it is raining cats and dogs, meaning that the rain is intense. There are many ideas about the source of this expression. It may be due to the Norwegian legend that Odin, the god of the wind, traveled with dogs, or to ‘catadupe’, an ancient but now abandoned word meaning waterfall, or from the Greek ‘catadoxa’ which is the antithesis of faith – all of these ideas seem logical.
What are the animal similes or metaphors in your language? Free training certificates Can you find out if such analogies exist in English? What if you try to create a new metaphor?
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